The Interwar Polish Period

During the interwar period, largely in opposition to the Ukrainian movement, the Polish government promoted the idea of Lemkos as a distinct nationality. The Lemko language was permitted to be taught in Lemko schools after 1933. However, Ukrainianism was strengthening among the population, especially in the eastern counties of Sanok and Lesko, and activists in the Ukrainian populist movement took over teaching positions in village schools.17

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