With the rise of pro-Rusyn organizations elsewhere, particularly in neighboring Slovakia, the Society of Lemkos has moved from just a Lemko-specific to a more broadly based pro-Rusyn viewpoint, actively participating in events like the World Congress of Rusyns and the "First Congress of the Rusyn Language." A primary goal of SL is the codification of the Lemko language. The Society of Lemkos began to publish in 1989, on an irregular basis, the magazine Besida mostly in Lemko with a few articles in Polish. SL has expanded its publishing activities, especially since 1992. It has published Lemko-language cultural booklets, such as Vasyl' Chomyk, Charodijsky hushli: Lemkivsky legendy, trans. Petro Murjanka (1992); Olena Duc'-Fajfer, Lemky v Pol'shchy / Lemkowie w Polsce (1992), a popular historical survey of Lemkos in Poland; and the annual cultural / historical journal, Lemkivskij kalendar (1993).
Poland's Lemko activist include a number of prolific poets who have worked for many years in their own language. The foremost of these is Petro Trochanovskij-Murjanka ( a founding member of the SL), who has published two anthologies of his Lemko and Polish poetry.141
A new Lemko organization was founded in 1991 in Biljanka - the Hospodar Rusyn Democratic Circle of Lemkos in Poland. Its goal is to lobby the Polish government to return property to the Rusyns who were forced to leave their homes during the Vistula Operation of 1947. Its leader, Pavlo Stefanovskij, started a new Lemko-language bulletin, Lemko, in January 1993.
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